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Understanding Fleas

Having a dog as a pet is a great addition to one’s family. Or, if one is living alone, then it is nice to have another being around and enjoy the company. But sharing a home with a pet means maintaining proper pet hygiene as they carry different kinds of bacteria to which humans are not immune.
Understanding Fleas
The most common pet problem, especially with dogs, is having fleas. It is the most frequently occurring allergic reaction in dogs. In cold climates, flea infestation does not last long. It may only last a few months during the summer until fall. But in tropical zones, fleas can be present all year long.

To tell if your dog is suffering from fleas, check if it is continuously biting at the bottom of its tail and scratches its body wildly. The allergies actually come from the flea’s saliva so when it bites the dog, it leaves traces of its saliva thereby causing an allergic reaction. This causes the scratching, which leads to bald spots in the fur and some redness.

Even though dogs are bathed daily, it would still be difficult to spot the fleas because the dirt that fleas leave behind is actually excrement and is shown as black spots on the skin which turn red when moistened.

A dog’s allergic reaction from fleas may manifest by getting allergic reactions to food and even plastic or nylon material. It may even cause the dog to be allergic to grass or certain types of weeds. A veterinarian assessing a dog for being allergic to environmental allergens will still rule out fleas or mites first before testing the pet further.

Though there are many topical and discounted pet medications for fleas, it may not always work because fleas reproduce very rapidly and can also mutate so they are able to protect themselves from the chemicals that are meant to kill them. The good news is that changing the flea medication once or twice a year will be able to combat their quick defense mechanism.

When a dog has fleas, there is a good chance that there is a threat of infestation. They lay eggs in crevices and multiply by the millions. While they are not stuck to the dog, they can be found on furniture, beddings, or anything the dog is exposed to.

When a dog gets fleas, the challenge is not about getting rid of the allergy but getting rid of the fleas. They are known to reproduce rapidly and are difficult to kill. When getting flea medication, it is better to get shots rather than topical drops. Vets recommend these shots which are a part of discounted pet medication. It is better to attend to flea problems as soon as they start to prevent the dog from getting allergies.

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