Hernia is the protrusion of the fascia of an organ through the cavity wall that usually contains it. This occurs when there are weakened spots or if there are holes in the abdominal wall structures and the organs like the small intestines for instance. There are many types of hernias that need to be treated urgently. Most hernias are not actually life-threatening. Some are even smaller than the usual ones and does not inflict too much pain. But every hernia must be monitored for possible serious complications as some may eventually become dangerous and fatal if not given immediate attention. Here are some types of hernias and their levels of severity.
This is by far the most common type of hernia in this generation. This hernia can be divided into two: the indirect inguinal hernia and the direct inguinal hernia. The former involves entrance in the inguinal canal through a congenital weakness at its inguinal ring while the latter involves hernia contents that push through a weak spot in the inguinal canal’s back wall. This type of hernia can occur regardless of the person’s gender. This is usually not life-threatening and if severe, the patient might be required to undergo surgery.
Femoral hernias appear below the inguinal ligament. This is where the abdominal contents pass into the posterior wall’s weak area. They appear to be a lot more rounded than the inguinal hernia. These most often occur in women. Addressing the occurrence of femoral hernia depends on the situation. If there is bleeding, then an urgent femoral hernia surgery is needed. If not severe, have the hernia checked by a specialist so it could be treated the soonest.
This occurs when the defect is the result of a healed surgical wound. This type is deemed to be the most difficult to treat but is not seen as life-threatening.
This happens when a part of the stomach or the intestine protrudes in the chest cavity. It has two types, the hiatus hernia and the congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The former involves a defect in the passageway towards the esophagus which allows the part of the stomach to herniate in the chest. The latter involves herniating internal organs through some parts of the diaphragm. The two can be treated by having surgery.
This occurs when the blood flow to the hernia is stopped and the tissues begin to die. With this, pain may suddenly come into the picture, accompanied by vomiting, fever, and nausea. Without treatment, this type of hernia can turn into gangrene, affecting the bowel movement and allowing bacteria to enter the body. This is the most dangerous type of hernia and yes, this type can be life-threatening.
Whether the type of hernia is life threatening or not, it is advisable to have it checked by the doctor before it starts to worsen. It is always better to prevent worst case scenarios than be left with no choice but to face its ultimate consequences.