One of the most ubiquitous vein diseases to plague and afflict mankind is varicose vein disease. The presence of varicose veins can be categorized through the appearance of distended or enlarged purplish veins along the limbs, most particularly the lower legs. These gnarled and twisted veins are usually the cause of cosmetic concern, but otherwise pose no problem. However, some individuals who suffer from varicose veins have lodged complaints of aches or building pressure running across the length of the swollen vein in concern.
Although varicose veins appear grotesque and unsightly at first, the appearance of this disease is usually the indication of potentially serious underlying health issues, especially pertaining to the circulatory system. Previous research insight has depicted that this medical condition afflicts easily 15% of all men and 25% of all women worldwide. Due to fluctuating hormonal shifts during pregnancy or even after menopause, women have been known to be twice as likely as their male counterpart to display symptoms of vein disease such as varicose veins. Since female hormones have a nasty penchant for weakening the walls of veins in the body’s circulatory system, it comes to no surprise as to why the female gender is more at risk at developing vein disease.
Another common risk factor is the natural aging process. As a person ages, the venous walls tend to weaken or valves in the veins tend not to shut properly, thus often resulting in a backflow of blood and engorged veins. Due to this, individuals in their fifties are generally more prone to displaying the symptoms of vein disease rather than a healthy individual in their twenties.
Besides age, genetic inheritance of chronic vein disease of venous blood clots is another risk factor for the development of various vein diseases. Individuals who have a family history of vein diseases need to watch out for the possible development of the disease in question along their family line. Sometimes, the gene might be carried down several generations but will only be expressed in certain individuals along the same family tree. In other cases, certain environmental factors shared by family members that puts stress or pressure on the legs might also pose a risk for the development of vein disease.
Due to this, sitting or standing for prolonged periods of time is usually discouraged since this can increase the risk of developing varicose veins in the long run. This is because by remaining in the same position for an allocated time period, the blood will not flow correctly or regularly from the bottom of the feet towards the head. Consequently, the heart will have to work double time to pump the same amount of blood around the body, which generally disrupts the regular circulatory activity.
The final risk factor is obesity. Obese individuals have a higher chance for developing vein disease, especially varicose veins. An overweight individual has excessive pockets of fatty tissue that places additional stress on the veins, thus weakening them. This causes the pressure of the lower limb vascular system to hike up, which then leads to pooling of blood in the legs that further weaken the walls of the veins.
Therefore, age, gender, obesity, genetic inheritance and position all play a role in the development of vein diseases, most particularly varicose vein disease.